Mother India is a 1957 Bollywood film written and directed by Mehboob Khan and starring Nargis, Sunil Dutt, Rajendra Kumar and Raj Kumar. The film is a remake of Mehboob Khans earlier film Aurat . The film was fifth Indo-Russian co-production, and was preceded by Pardesi , also starring Nargis Dutt. In 2005, Indiatimes Movies ranked the movie amongst the Top 25 Must See Bollywood Films.. The film ranked #3 in the list of all-time box office hits.
The film was Indias first submission for the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film in 1958, and was chosen as one of the five nominations for the category. However, the submitted entry was dramatically different from the original version released in India. The version sent to the Academy was edited down to 120 minutes from 160 for the benefit of a foreign audience. The 120-minute version was later distributed in the US and UK by Columbia Pictures. The film came close to winning the award, but eventually lost to Federico Fellinis Nights of Cabiria by a single vote.
The film begins with the finishing of a water canal to the village set in the present. Radha [Nargis], as the mother of the village is asked to open the canal and remembers back to her past when she was newly married.
The wedding between Radha and Shamu [Raaj Kumar] was paid for by Radhas mother-in-law who raised a loan from the moneylender, Sukhilala. This event starts the spiral of poverty and hardship which Radha endures. The conditions of the loan are disputed but the village elders decide in favour of the moneylender after which Shamu and Radha are forced to pay three quarters of their crop as interest on the loan of 500 rupees.
thumb as Radha with Birju [Sunil Dutt] and Ramu [Rajendra Kumar]
Whilst trying to bring more of their land into use to alleviate their poverty, Shamus arms are crushed by a boulder. He is ashamed of his helplessness and is humiliated by others in the village, deciding that he is no use to his family he leaves and does not return. Soon after this, Radhas mother-in-law dies.
Radha continues to work in the fields with her children and gives birth again. Sukhilala offers to help alleviate her poverty in return for Radha marrying him, but she refuses to "sell herself". A storm sweeps through the village destroying the harvest and killing Radhas youngest child - the villagers start to migrate but decide to stay and rebuild on the urging of Radha.
The film then skips forward several years to when Radhas two surviving children, Birju [Sunil Dutt] and Ramu [Rajendra Kumar], are young men. Birju, embittered by the exactions of Sukhilala since he was a child takes out his frustrations by pestering the village girls, especially Sukhilalas daughter. Ramu, by contrast, has a calmer temper and is married soon after. He becomes a father but his wife is soon absorbed into the cycle of poverty in the family.
Birjus anger finally becomes dangerous and, after being provoked, attacks Sukhilala and his daughter lashing out at his family. He is chased out of the village and becomes a bandit. On the day of the wedding of Sukhilalas daughter, Birju returns to take his revenge. He kills Sukhilala and takes his daughter - but Radha, who had promised that Birju would not do harm, shoots Birju who dies in her arms. The film ends with her opening of the canal and reddish water flowing into the fields.
* Hindi dance songs
The film has an 83% fresh rating on Rotten Tomatoes, based on an aggregate of 6 reviews.
* Ranked #80 in Empire magazines "The 100 Best Films Of World Cinema" in 2010.
Awards and nominations
* Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film: Nomination
* Karlovy Vary International Film Festival: Best Actress: Nargis Dutt
* Filmfare Best Movie Award
* Filmfare Best Director Award: Mehboob Khan
* Filmfare Best Actress Award: Nargis
* Filmfare Best Cinematographer Award: Faredoon Irani
* Filmfare Best Sound Award: R. Kaushik
The film would later be remade by the Telugu film industry as Bangaru Talli  and in Tamil as Punniya Boomi 
Box office performance
The film grossed over Rs. 40 million. This record was beaten 3 years later by Mughal-E-Azam in 1960.
Source : Mother India Wiki Page